Making Small Talk in Persona

by Leonilla Kalista Kievlianina

A godsib was originally a person connected to you through baptism sponsorship; i.e. a godparent. The meaning extended over the centuries to connections through godparents, then to close friends and family, and finally to friendly acquaintances. As with many words, the noun form also came to mean the action performed with that noun. So, casual conversation had between with godsibs came to be called gossip.

Part of the fun of the SCA is learning to do things the way they would have in period, so here is some casual conversation you can use when gossiping with godsibs at your next event.

This was originally going to be one article. But each language requires information on pronunciation, as well as usage and conjugation, so I decided on a series. I also hope that readers will interact, ask questions, or even request specific languages.

But first, a disclaimer.

Most native English speakers struggle with the conjugations in other languages. Dealing with gendered nouns and making all the words that need to agree with each other can be very confusing. And it seems we’ve always felt this way because we’ve been simplifying it since before it even could be considered English.

Modern English has lost most inflections and conjugations. When speaking languages from period, however, the gender(s) and number of people speaking must be reflected. I have tried to present this in the easiest form possible, and apologize for any undue confusion. Feel free to contact me with questions or concerns and I’ll cite my sources if you’d like to do further research on your own.

Old Norse

I actually found more than I expected to on Old Norse. Aside from the course at the University of Texas, there is also Old Norse for Beginners at and lots of great basic phrases (and taunts) at


Hei – Hi
Heill – Hello
Sæll – Hello
Velkominn – Welcome

Heill and sæll are both greetings, but heill is specifically wishing good health and sællspecifically wishes happiness.

One Male One Female Plural Male Plural Female Mixed Group
Heill Heil Heilir Heilar Heil
Sæll Sæl Sælir Sælar Sæl
Velkominn Velkomin Velkominir Velkominar Velkomin

In these, it’s the time of day being referenced so they’re not dependent on your audience.

Góðan dag/Góðan daginn – Good day!
Góðan morgin – Good morning!
Góðan aptan – Good afternoon!
Gott kveld – Good evening!
Góða nótt – Good night!
Sof þú vel – Good night! (sleep well)

A note on pronunciation. I could go really in depth with this, but here’s a simplified version from (which also has an awesome video of a guy in a cowboy hat reading Edda excerpts).

Hvat segir þú? – How are you? (formal)
Hversu ferr? – How are you? (informal)

Allt + fínt – fine +gott – good +vel – well + Þakka – thanks.Þakka fyrir – thank you.

En þú? – And you?

Far vel – Goodbye/Farewell
Sjáumst – See you
Vit sjáumst – See you (between two people)
Vér sjáumst – See you (between multiple people)

 – Yes
Nei – No

Gør þú svá vel – Please (offering or asking for something)
Gørið þit svá vel – Please (talking to two other people)
Gørið þér svá vel – Please (talking to many other people)
Svá vel /Gørvel – Please (informal)
Þakka fyrir – Thank you
Þakka – Thanks
Þak – Thanks (very informal)
Ekki at þakka/Þat var ekki – You’re welcome/it was nothing

Ek veit (þat) eigi – I don’t know
Ek skil (þat) eigi< – I don’t understand Afsaka – Excuse me (getting attention)
Fyrirgef þú – Excuse me (begging pardon)
Hvat segir þú? – I’m sorry/didn’t hear?
Fyrirgef mik – I’m sorry (apologize)
Fyrirgef – I’m sorry (informal)
Allt er gott – That’s okay/all is good.

And a few fun and more colorful expressions.

Hrafnarnir munu hafa þik!– The ravens will have you!
Krákarnir munu hafa þik! – The crows will have you!
Ek man vega þik eins ok svín! – I will slay you like a pig!
Þú berð eins ok lítil genta! – You fight like a little girl!

Óðins skegg! – By Odin’s beard!
Ýmirs (frost)eistna! – By Ýmir’s frosty balls!
Þórs gnýreið! – Thor’s roaring thunder!